Ores are various types of minerals that can be found and mined throughout the world, including the underground and on the Floating Islands. All ores are mined using a pickaxe (though not all pickaxes will work on all ores) and smelted at a Furnace, Hellforge or Adamantite/Titanium Forge.

Ore spawning

Pre-hardmode

Most pre-hardmode ores will be seeded in varying amounts throughout a world when the world is first generated. The only exceptions to this rule are Meteorite Ore (which spawns when a Meteorite lands) and Obsidian (which spawns when water and lava make contact).

Ores can be found almost anywhere in the world, though some can be found in certain places more frequently than others:

Hardmode

Instead, all such ores will be spawned in different ways once hardmode is activated in a given world. Small amounts of Cobalt Ore, Mythril Ore, Adamantite Ore, and their alternatives will be placed throughout a world based on how many Demon Altars or Crimson Altars are destroyed by the player. Specifically, every third altar starting from the first will spawn Cobalt or Palladium, every third altar starting from the second will spawn Mythril or Orichalcum, and every third altar starting from the third will spawn Adamantite or Titanium.

Chlorophyte Ore will slowly start to grow out of jungle grass and mud in the Underground Jungle once hardmode is activated in a world.

Ore alternatives

Copper Ore.png Copper = Tin Ore.png Tin
Iron Ore.png Iron = Lead Ore.png Lead
Silver Ore.png Silver = Tungsten Ore.png Tungsten
Gold Ore.png Gold = Platinum Ore.png Platinum
Demonite ore1.png Demonite = Crimtane Ore.png Crimtane
Cobalt Ore.png Cobalt = Palladium Ore.png Palladium
Mythril Ore.png Mythril = Orichalcum Ore.png Orichalcum
Adamantite Ore.png Adamantite = Titanium Ore.png Titanium

The only ores which will always spawn naturally in any given world are Meteorite, Obsidian, Hellstone, and Chlorophyte. All other ores are paired off so that only one out of each pair will spawn in a world. For pre-hardmode ores, this is determined at world generation; for hardmode ores, this is determined when the first, second, and third Demon Altar or Crimson Altar is destroyed. Within each pair, each member has an equal chance of spawning. Which ores are paired together are shown to the right. Only one of the hard mode ores will spawn, so multiple worlds might be necessary to get a certain ore (Adamantite for Suspicious Looking Skulls).

In all cases, equipment made from replacement ores will be statistically slightly stronger than equivalent equipment made from the original ore.

List of ores

Pre-Hardmode

Hardmode Ores

Hardmode Ores become available once the Wall of Flesh is defeated in a world or when certain other bosses are defeated.

To get Chlorophyte, you have to beat all 3 mech bosses. You get Luminite when the Moon Lord is defeated.

Notes

Trivia

Minerals
Original Metals Alternative Metals

Copper Ore.png Copper Ore

Copper Bar.png Copper Bar

Tin Ore.png Tin Ore

Tin Bar.png Tin Bar

Iron Ore.png Iron Ore

Iron bar1.png Iron Bar

Lead Ore.png Lead Ore

Lead Bar.png Lead Bar

Silver Ore.png Silver Ore

Silver bar1.png Silver Bar

Tungsten Ore.png Tungsten Ore

Tungsten Bar.png Tungsten Bar

Gold Ore.png Gold Ore

Gold Bar.png Gold Bar

Platinum Ore.png Platinum Ore

Platinum Bar2.png Platinum Bar

Demonite ore1.png Demonite Ore

Demonite bar.png Demonite Bar

Crimtane Ore.png Crimtane Ore

Crimtane Bar.png Crimtane Bar

Hard Mode Metals

Cobalt Ore.png Cobalt Ore

Cobalt Bar.png Cobalt Bar

Palladium Ore.png Palladium Ore

Palladium Bar.png Palladium Bar

Mythril Ore.png Mythril Ore

Mythril Bar.png Mythril Bar

Orichalcum Ore.png Orichalcum Ore

Orichalcum Bar.png Orichalcum Bar

Adamantite Ore.png Adamantite Ore

Adamantite Bar.png Adamantite Bar

Titanium Ore.png Titanium Ore

Titanium Bar.png Titanium Bar

Chlorophyte Ore.png Chlorophyte Ore

Chlorophyte Bar.png Chlorophyte Bar

Hallowed Bar.png Hallowed Bar

Shroomite Bar.png Shroomite Bar

Other Minerals & Materials

Meteorite ore.png Meteorite Ore

Meteorite bar.png Meteorite Bar

Hellstone1.png Hellstone

Hellstone Bar.png Hellstone Bar

Ectoplasm.png Ectoplasm

Obsidian1.png Obsidian

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